Union Official Links Foxconn Deaths to Excessive Overtime
The All-China Federation of Trade Unions—never distinguished for its advocacy protecting workers—has taken the unusual step of publicly criticizing Foxconn for excessive overtime.
Foxconn, the largest private employer in China, employs 1.2 million workers and produces a huge share of the world’s electronics.
On February 2, ACFTU Party Secretary Guo Jun publically criticized Foxconn’s excessive overtime work arrangements. Guo connected these problems to the series of worker suicides and deaths by overwork at its massive factory complex.
In an open letter response on February 3, Foxconn had the audacity to claim that “there is no relationship between constant overtime and incidents of death from overwork or suicide,” and referred to its infamous 2010 serial suicides as “unfortunate incidents with a few individual workers.”
In its letter, the company spoke of its suicides as though they were a thing of the past, and claimed to have been working continuously to correct its problems since 2010. But these claims have already been challenged by the “Focusing on New Generation Migrant Workers” research group in an open letter to Foxconn.
The group’s research has found that Foxconn’s overtime exceeds the 36-hour maximum specified in China’s labor law. One frontline Foxconn worker reported to the research group that during the busy season, he worked over 140 hours of overtime per month for several months in a row, one month even working 152 hours of overtime.
Foxconn has intentionally violated the “one day of rest per week” requirement specified in the law. The factory requested workers take “13-to-1”, or even “30-to-1” work-to-rest arrangements. To cover up such illegal practices, Foxconn instructed workers not to punch in to work on Sundays, while secretly compensating the extremely excessive overtime in the form of bonuses.
Foxconn’s inadequate base wage is the primary reason that workers are forced to accept constant overtime—simply to cover basic living expenses.
While Foxconn may deny it, it’s clear that its excessive overtime, low base wages, and the sense of always striving to make enough and never making enough to go anywhere are factors in the frequency of deaths.
WHY DON’T WE KNOW MORE?
Despite the fading of media attention after 2010, Foxconn’s ramped-up work on its public image, and the anti-suicide nets installed on all its buildings, it appears the suicides never stopped. According to information gathered by the research group, in 2014 alone, Foxconn saw at least six suicides, one attempted suicide, and one case of suspected death by overwork where the exact causes are not yet known. (You can read the full report here.)
These have almost certainly not been the only unnatural deaths. Others slip under the radar, largely due to Foxconn’s successful cover-up work. In a few cases, reports on Foxconn suicide incidents on major media websites have even been known to disappear in a few hours. Foxconn has mainstream Chinese media under its grip, and thus the news does not easily make it out.
Furthermore, Foxconn successfully controls release of information about suicide cases, deflecting even requests from relatives.
For instance, when worker Kang’s relatives arrived at the factory they were unable to dig up much information about their son’s death. The factory offered them a mere 20,000 yuan in “humanitarian compensation.” They returned a number of the deceased’s possessions to the family, but the family suspected the phone had been tampered with, as for several days before the date of the suicide, it displayed no records whatsoever.
The family also requested a record of their son’s punch-in, punch-out times and his overtime record, but the factory refused. Foxconn claimed to not even know which department the deceased was working in when he committed suicide.
Yi Xi is a pseudonym. The author studies Chinese labor issues.