Chicago Teachers Organize Against Privatization
As the CEO of Chicago Public Schools heads to Washington to run the nation’s schools policy, a new reform caucus of Chicago teachers is glad to see him go. But with their union in chaos, and city leaders hell-bent on privatizing schools, what’s a teacher to do?
The Caucus of Rank and File Educators formed this summer to fill that void. Frustrated with the union leadership’s inept response to Mayor Richard Daley’s privatization scheme, CORE and its community partners called a city-wide public hearing on the plan January 10, attended by more than 500 students, parents, community members, and teachers representing 81 schools.
The organizers are trying to head off a Board of Education announcement of 20 school closings and 12 “turnarounds,” a euphemism for school privatization that entails firing every teacher in a building and rehiring new staff.
One of the schools slated for closure under the plan—marketed as “Renaissance 2010”—is Peabody Elementary School, where three generations of Lillie Gonzalez’s family have attended.
“It’s a school that should not close,” she said. “We used to have 40 children in a class and now that we have 20 in a class they want to close it.”
Chicago’s school closings target poor neighborhoods temporarily drained of population as public housing is destroyed and residents are forced to move wherever they find landlords who accept housing vouchers.
The caucus is demanding that the board put a moratorium on school closings and turnarounds and shrink class sizes in neighborhood schools.
They want to strengthen Local School Councils, elected boards originally designed to give parents, community leaders, and teachers a role in allocating money and personnel at their schools. Since the mayor took control of the schools in 1995, the councils’ power over school budgets and hiring has been stripped.
MR. DUNCAN GOES TO D.C.
Arne Duncan, now the Secretary of Education, left Chicago under a tattered flag. Since he was named schools CEO in 2001, he has presided over the largest destruction of public schools in Chicago’s history, closing almost 70 neighborhood schools.
Jesse Sharkey, a teacher and member of CORE, said Duncan’s Renaissance 2010 plan worsens Chicago’s unequal two-tiered system, where high-quality selective enrollment schools and charters are preserved for better-off “model” students while schools for low-income children of color languish.
Duncan has replaced shuttered neighborhood schools with non-union charter and contract operators that screen out low-income students and exclude children with disabilities, providing them with substandard services when they do admit them.
At one of the district’s flagship charter schools, Urban Prep, only 14 percent of the student body comes from the surrounding Englewood community. Charters have pushed out students with disciplinary records and youth whose first language is not English or whose parents are not active in the community.
Tyrone Jones’s academic struggles at Perspectives Charter School in 2007 were enough for the school to expel him. Perspectives had created a rule just before the start of the school year allowing the administration to remove students who failed to maintain a 2.0 average for two academic terms.
Jones’s mother, LaTanya, attributes her son’s fate to murky standards at charters, which allow children to be abandoned due to low grades.
“This is not ‘Survivor,’” Sharkey said.
As Chicago’s school district has become increasingly run by private contractors, the 31,000-strong Chicago Teachers Union, an AFT affiliate, has seen its rolls plunge by 6,000.
CTU leaders initially advised teachers at closing schools simply to seek new work. As closures rose the union sought community coalitions, but downplayed public campaigns as rank-and-file pressure mounted. CTU officers, seeking re-election, are now latching on to that momentum.
Court battles and allegations of financial impropriety wrack the union as President Marilyn Stewart seeks to dismiss Vice President Ted Dallas. CTU headquarters unilaterally released Dallas’s financial records—littered with questionable filet mignon dinners on the union’s dime—but refused to release other officer records.
The CTU has been forced to scale back its budget to pay off a $2 million deficit. Union coffers had a $5 million surplus just four years ago.
CORE helped organize a protest at CTU headquarters during the summer that demanded the union “stop the crooks and open the books,” calling for a transparent, member-driven union.
Al Ramirez, a delegate and teacher at Ruiz Elementary School, expressed frustration.
“While teachers suffered from massive job cuts,” he said, “their leadership was not asleep at the wheel—they were joyriding.”
Jackson Potter teaches at Little Village Lawndale High School of Social Justice in Chicago. Read more, and join the group, at CORE.