Just Cause


Just Cause: A Union Guide To Winning Discipline Cases by union attorney Robert M. Schwartz is the first new look at union discipline principles since "The seven tests of just cause" propounded by labor arbitrator Carroll Daugherty in 1965.

Just Cause brings the seven tests up to date by discarding tests that have not been accepted by other prominent labor arbitrators and adding the established principles of progressive discipline and mitigating circumstances.

Topics covered include:

  • Requesting information 
  • Due process
  • Double jeopardy
  • Disparate treatment
  • Hearsay
  • Zero-tolerance rules
  • Last chance agreements
  • Off-duty misconduct
  • Negligence
  • Sexual harassment
  • Sleeping on the job
  • Dishonesty
  • Presenting grievance